Robert Irwin 4 December 2021–26 March 2022 Sprüth Magers Oranienburger Straße 18 Berlin, 10178 Germany
Robert Irwin has spent over six decades producing art that examines our experience of seeing and moving through the world, heightening viewers’ awareness of their senses and surroundings. Regularly employing light, reflection and colors as their primary materials, his wall works, sculptures and site-conditional installations involve a careful balance of presence and absence that use simple, understated means to generate sophisticated visual and spatial effects. Monika Sprüth and Philomene Magers are delighted to present an exhibition of new work by the celebrated American artist, his second solo presentation at the Berlin gallery and his third with Sprüth Magers.
The exhibition features two bodies of work: several new ‘Unlights’ (Irwin’s unlit fluorescent wall works, which emit no light) and a group of acrylic sculptural configurations. The artist began working with fluorescent bulbs for the first time in the early 1990s, incorporating them into his renowned scrim installations; in the last decade, his use of fluorescent lights has evolved into standalone works.
Atop these commercially available objects, Irwin wraps a layer, or layers, of coloured and metallic gels, similar to those employed in theatres to give stage lights their different tonalities; like a painter, he ‘blends’ these hues through juxtaposition, anticipating the brilliant visual effects that ensue and how our eyes perceive them. He also adds touches of black and white in the form of strips of tape running vertically along the bulbs, as well as on the sides of the light fixtures. These interventions create a feeling of depth and recession that defy the relatively flat, bas-relief nature of the objects.
Irwin defines his work as ‘conditional art’—attuned to the particular spaces in which they are seen at a particular moment. While some of Irwin’s fluorescent works are electrically powered, his ‘Unlights’ are not. Yet because of the complexity of his tonal manipulations, they often appear to be: as one encounters the works, moving in front of and around them, there is a flickering, pulsing sensation that occurs as one colour transitions to the next. This experience is also predicated on the light and atmospheric conditions in which the works are installed, to which Irwin draws our attention, asking us to take notice.
Three of Irwin’s acrylic sculptural configurations from 2018 also illustrate the artist’s urge to create phenomenological experiences through subtle changes in light, colour and surface. Irwin first worked with this material and form in the late 1960s and early 1970s, producing tall, transparent columns that disappeared and reappeared before viewers’ eyes as they changed position. Reminiscent of obelisks and monuments, Irwin’s columns and configurations are dedicated not to any event or cause, but rather to the perceptions of light as it travels across the room and interacts with the viewers’ senses.
These recent configurations are made from coloured acrylic, in shades that transition from smoky grey to glassy pale blue-green. Glimpses of the gallery space come and go within the walls and edges of the acrylic panels, which sometimes appear transparent, while elsewhere they look opaque. As art historian Matthew Simms wrote in 2018: ‘The configurations, when viewed by an ambulatory visitor, give rise to sensations of parallax, as they appear to rotate in space as the viewer moves around them.’ Just as they did at the beginning of his career, Irwin’s objects continue to surprise and move us, even to throw us off balance, with seemingly simple interventions, reminding us to stop and experience the physical world and its many phenomena.
Concurrent with this exhibition, Irwin will also début a major new site-specific work, Light and Space (Kraftwerk Berlin) (2021), organised by the Berlin-based art foundation LAS and on view at Kraftwerk Berlin, December 5, 2021 through January 30, 2022.
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